Getting Started with Ruby

Here is a brief tutorial on Ruby, covering some basic concepts and syntax.

Installing Ruby

Before you can start writing Ruby code, you’ll need to install the language on your computer. Ruby is usually pre-installed on macOS and many Linux distributions, but if you’re using Windows or a different operating system, you may need to download and install it manually. The official Ruby website ( has installation instructions for a variety of platforms.

Running Ruby Code

Once you have Ruby installed, you can start writing and running Ruby code. You can run Ruby code using the ruby command followed by the filename of your Ruby script, like this:

shCopy code$ ruby my_script.rb

Alternatively, you can use an interactive Ruby shell (IRB) to test out code snippets and explore the language. To start IRB, just type irb at the command prompt:

shCopy code$ irb

Basic Syntax

Ruby has a relatively simple and easy-to-read syntax. Here’s an example of a basic Ruby program that prints the message “Hello, world!” to the console:

rubyCopy codeputs "Hello, world!"

In this example, puts is a method that prints the message to the console. Note that in Ruby, you can omit parentheses when calling a method if there are no arguments.


You can assign values to variables in Ruby using the assignment operator (=). Here’s an example:

rubyCopy codemessage = "Hello, Ruby!"
puts message

In this example, we assign the string “Hello, Ruby!” to the variable message, and then use puts to print the message to the console.

Control Flow

Ruby has a variety of control flow statements, including if statements and while loops. Here’s an example of an if statement:

rubyCopy codeif x > 10
  puts "x is greater than 10"
  puts "x is less than or equal to 10"

In this example, we check whether the variable x is greater than 10, and print a message accordingly.


You can define your own methods in Ruby using the def keyword. Here’s an example of a method that takes two arguments and returns their sum:

rubyCopy codedef add(x, y)
  return x + y

result = add(5, 7)
puts result

In this example, we define a method called add that takes two arguments, x and y, and returns their sum. We then call the method with the values 5 and 7, and print the result to the console.


This tutorial has covered some basic concepts and syntax in Ruby. While this is just a brief introduction, it should be enough to get you started with writing and running Ruby code. As you continue to work with the language, you’ll discover more features and capabilities that can make your development process faster and more efficient.

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